6 Basic Needs of Newborn Babies

baby Dec 07, 2021
6 Basic Needs of Newborn Babies

Expecting a baby? Congratulations! Babies are so sweet and cuddly. You'll love them for sure — but there's no way to prepare yourself for the sleepless nights, dirty diapers, and all-around exhaustion before you know what it feels like.

Newborn babies are one of the most fragile and delicate creatures on Earth. They need a lot of care and attention to grow up healthy. While caring for your baby, you must understand their basic needs so that they can be met appropriately.

From clothing to food and security, the list can seem daunting. There are six basic needs that all newborn babies require: security, clothing, enough sleep, nutritious food, sensory stimulation, love, and attention. Let's take a closer look at each one.

Basic Needs of Newborn Babies

Newborn babies may seem like they just need a lot of love and some good sleep, but there are six basic needs that all newborns require to thrive. Here is a look at those needs and what you can do to meet them.

1. Security

It is no secret that newborn babies need a lot of love, safety, and security. In fact, it is one of the most important things for them in their early stages of development. Providing a safe and stable environment for your newborn is key to their overall well-being.

What does this mean for you? The first few months of life are when infants develop their sense of trust in the world around them, so it is important to provide protection from anything or anyone who might harm them.

This means keeping your baby away from any potential dangers, such as toxic substances or sharp objects, but also protecting them from people they might not know well enough yet to trust.

2. Clothing

We all know that newborn babies need clothing, but many people don't realize that there are some important factors to consider before purchasing any. Many people don't realize that they also require special clothing for their sensitive skin.

Babies are prone to diaper rash because the area is constantly wet, and they are essentially sitting in urine. This can lead to an infection that will not only make it uncomfortable for them but could potentially cause other complications down the road like kidney stones or bladder infections.

The best way to avoid these complications is by using cloth diapers that allow air circulation around the genital area. Change their clothes as needed too, to avoid any skin condition that could make them feel uncomfortable.

3. Enough Sleep

Your newborn baby will likely get by with around 18 hours of sleep on any given day in the first few months. That sounds like a lot, right? Well, not really when you think about how newborns work.

Newborn babies are born very early on in their development cycle, and thus their brains still have a lot of growing to do. This is why newborns sleep so much; it is their way of catching up on some of the development they missed while in the womb.

While newborn babies do need a lot of sleep, it is not all doom and gloom if your little one is not sleeping as much as you would like them to. Just be patient and remember that they will get there in their own time.

4. Nutritious Food

Many newborns are breastfed, which is a great way to get the nutrients they need. Breast milk contains all the nutrients a baby needs for the first six months of life. After that, babies can start eating solid foods that provide them with the nutrients they need.

A lack of nutrients can lead to low birth weight, developmental delays, and even death. That's why it's so important for pregnant women to eat a balanced diet and to continue breastfeeding or providing formula for their newborns.

Parents should choose healthy foods for their babies to eat. Some good choices include fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products. These foods provide babies with essential nutrients like fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

5. Sensory Stimulation

Everything newborns experience in the world around them is new and confusing for such tiny babies, who depend on their parents (or primary caregivers) for everything while they are so vulnerable.

It is up to parents to provide newborns with a stimulating environment that encourages development in all areas of their physical, mental, social, emotional, and cognitive being. For example, an environment full of stimulating sensory toys helps newborns develop senses such as sight, touch, hearing, and taste/smell in their all-important first months of life.

Make sure newborns have plenty of time facing outwards when placed on their backs on a grown or cot, too — this helps strengthen neck muscles, improve muscle tone and prepare newborns for tummy time.

6. Love and Attention

A newborn baby needs lots of love and attention when brought home from the hospital. New parents should know many things about newborn babies, but the most important thing to remember is to give them all of your attention.

Newborn babies need lots of love and attention to grow into healthy children. When newborns come home, they need to be held often to develop their social skills.

Overly stressed newborns tend to become cranky or cry more than normal newborns, so it's important not to stress too much over small things like dirty diapers or crying.


Newborn babies have a lot of needs, and parents need to be aware of these needs to provide the best possible care for their children. Some of the most important needs of newborn babies include frequent feedings, plenty of rest, and appropriate clothing and bedding.

Parents should also ensure that the baby's environment is safe and comfortable. By meeting the basic needs of newborn babies, parents can help ensure that their child grows up healthy and happy.

Watch the video here:


Enjoy this article?
Get unlimited access to Dad University

The #1 educational platform for dads. Join our growing community of fathers from around the world!

Become a Member